Naakonchem tikkundi, kaani daanikolekkundi, Ah tikkento chupista, andari lekkalu telustaa. (I’m bit mad however there’s a technique to my insanity. I’ll present what that insanity is and can settle scores with all people).
This was a dialogue delivered by Pawan Kalyan in Gabbar Singh, the Telugu remake of Salman Khan’s Dabangg, launched in 2012. Gabbar Singh’s big success put him on a better pedestal. Popularly referred to as ‘Energy Star’, he has acted in additional than 25 movies, largely with themes resembling anti-establishment, rags to riches and household drama. With the success of those movies, Pawan Kalyan related effectively with pupil and feminine audiences.
Like many different Telugu movie personalities, Pawan Kalyan introduced his entry into politics in 2014, beginning the Jana Sena Occasion (JSP). Politics in Andhra Pradesh is just about polarised round two castes – Reddys and Kammas. Pawan Kalyan, a Kapu, an agrarian caste, tried to change the political panorama by means of his social and ideological interventions.
Additionally Learn: Is Jaganmohan Reddy Severe About Ending Sand Mining in Andhra Pradesh?
Although the social gathering was shaped in 2014, he didn’t contest that 12 months’s state or Lok Sabha elections, however unconditionally supported the BJP-TDP alliance. Within the 2019 elections, he aligned with the BSP and the Left, an ideological somersault that prompted critics to query his integrity.
JSP’s marketing campaign
The JSP’s election marketing campaign largely centered round Pawan Kalyan. This self-centered technique to put himself earlier than social identities and structural elements proved expensive to the JSP alliance. Pawan Kalyan misplaced each the meeting seats he contested, although the constituencies (Gajuwaka, Bhimavaram) are Kapu bastions. His social gathering might win simply one of many 175 seats within the Andhra Pradesh meeting.
From the 1950s, Andhra’s political area has been managed by two social teams – Reddys and Kammas. Nonetheless, from the 1980s, the Kapus, with relative upward social mobility, began consolidating to compete with Reddys and Kammas in buying political energy, entry to land and management over pure assets. The consolidation course of started with Vangaveeti Ranga within the 1980s, who challenged the Kamma financial hegemony within the provincial cities of Andhra Pradesh. He was murdered in 1988, and Mudragada Padmanabham took over.
In a while, Chiranjeevi, Pawan Kalyan’s brother, took over the mantle of Kapu aspirations, In 2009, he shaped the Praja Rajyam Occasion (PRP), however couldn’t fulfill the aspirations of the upward social cell Kapus.
A decade later, Pawan Kalyan’s political debut was instantly hailed as a formidable problem to the 2 dominant castes. Political analysts and media felt he might be the kingmaker in Andhra politics. However surprisingly, even his charisma didn’t translate into votes and the JSP gained a single seat.
Chiranjeevi’s political experiment
This consequence was in sharp distinction to the PRP’s efficiency within the 2009 elections. Chiranjeevi’s social gathering, regardless of having little time to develop grassroots cadre, and for campaigning, nonetheless managed to win 18 seats with an 18% vote share. The social gathering’s success was attribute to its adoption of social justice (samajika nyayam) because the principal agenda. This social justice operated at two ranges. Firstly, Chiranjeevi tried to fuse a number of Kapu jatis collectively (as jati cluster), as has been executed from the 1870s. Secondly, he felt that this fusion would result in unity amongst Dalits and OBCs, making Kapus the formidable drive in Andhra politics.
These hopes didn’t materialise due to two causes. The financial and cultural hierarchies amongst a number of Kapu jatis, who’re unfold throughout the 2 Telugu states (Telangana and Andhra Pradesh), prevented the fusion. The approaching social and structural limitations between OBCs and Dalits and Kapus remained as they’re. These causes have been additionally answerable for Chiranjeevi, as soon as hailed as the large killer, shedding in his native place (Palakollu).
The truth that Kapus declare an ambiguous standing within the caste hierarchy – typically OBC, typically higher caste – confused the opposite stake holders. That the PRP deployed each ‘id politics’ and ‘consultant politics’ on the identical to achieve harm its prospects.
Pawan Kalyan as an alternative selected to type a mahagathbandhan by aligning with the BSP and Left events. This can be an final result of the dialogue of an alliance – fashionable in universities – between lal salaam (Karl Marx) and neel salaam (Ambedkar). Pawan Kalyan, on a number of events, displayed affinity in direction of Gaddar and Katti Padmarao, who represents the communist and Dalit ideology within the Telugu states.
Whereas his brother took up the duty of uplifting the Dalits, OBCs within the title of social justice, Pawan Kalyan introduced communists and Dalits collectively within the title of ‘social transformation’. Pawan Kalyan, the mixture of idealism and pragmatism, evaded the dialogue on caste and changed it with class. However even his makes an attempt failed.
Is there area for various politics in AP?
Initially, Pawan Kalyan’s oratory abilities and “indignant man” picture gained him many supporters. 2014 was additionally simmering with the problem of bifurcation. Contemplating the state of affairs, he supported the BJP-TDP (NDA alliance) in 2014 and nullified the Congress with slogans resembling “Congress hatao, desh bachao“. His presence consolidated the Kapu vote financial institution and was instrumental in making N. Chandrababu Naidu AP’s chief minister.
Additionally Learn: Why Voting Patterns of Farmers in Andhra Pradesh Go Past Agricultural Points
Finally, he left the NDA and commenced attacking the BJP, Naidu on failing to ship the particular class standing and charging them of corruption. Regardless of these assaults, he couldn’t preserve his momentum. In reality, he has criticised by opposition events, calling him a “weekend politician” and even Chandrababu Naidu’s ‘B’ staff. In the course of the marketing campaign, he was criticised for not taking up the TDP.
It’s evident mish-mash of a pacesetter’s charisma, a vote financial institution and an alliance doesn’t produce outcomes. They should be diligently stitched collectively, with full allegiance, to open up another political area. Pawan Kalyan was unable to know the political financial system of Andhra Pradesh.
These outcomes present that Andhra politics has area for various politics. With persistence, it may be achieved sometime, if not right this moment.
Ch. Satish Kumar is an affiliate professor at Centre for Research in Social Sciences, Kolkata.